盛朝七省沿海图
COASTAL MAP OF THE SEVEN MARITIME PROVINCES
    
  清嘉庆三年(1798)纸底彩色绘本。一幅,图纵29.2厘米,横888.9厘米,卷轴装。
  明朝建立后,倭寇侵扰日甚,明朝为配合军事上的需要而编绘的边防和海防图较多。到了清代,东部沿海仍不甚太平,因之,后人依据前人所绘沿海地图图式,也编绘了较多的沿海地图,有一个省的沿海地图,也有几个省的沿海地图。如传世的《七省沿海图》摹绘本就比较多,流传亦广。
  此《盛朝七省沿海图》为自右至左"一"字形开展式,从鸭绿江、辽东半岛绘至与交趾(今越南)分界处,包括沿海的盛京(今辽宁)、直隶(今河北)、山东、江苏、浙江、福建和广东七省,故名七省沿海图。此图是以陈伦炯于雍正初年(1723-1730)绘制的《沿海全图》为蓝本,再进行某些修改而成。陈伦炯的《沿海全图》计有四海总图、沿海全图、台湾图、台湾后山图、澎湖图和琼州府图(今海南岛)等6幅,而《盛朝七省沿海图》首列环海全图,次为海疆洋界全图,末为琼州、澎湖、台湾前后山等图。图前有解说并附五则。图的最后注出"嘉庆戊午孟夏下浣重校图本"字样。
  全图以上方为陆,下方为海,绘画极为精致,内容相当丰富。表现中国东部七省沿海的山川地形,岛屿、暗礁和沿海村镇民宅的分布位置。全图典雅清秀,是中国古代海防图的代表作之一。
 

 

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COASTAL MAP OF THE SEVEN MARITIME PROVINCES

        (Sheng Chao Qi Sheng Yuang Hai Tu)
  Qing Dynasty(1644-1911), Jiaqing perriod(1796-1820),dated 1798. Handscroll, ink, color, and gold on paper, 29 X 888cm.
  This map shows the whole coastline of China, which includes Liaoning, Hebei, Shandong, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Fujian and Guangdong provinces. This handscroll has three sections: first is a circular map, second is a coastal map of China, third consists of map of Qiongzhou, a map of Penghu and a map of Taiwan. On this map, the round island is crammed with the names of its rivers, mountains and ports. This map is a continuation of coastal defense map of Ming dynatsy and is one representative work of ancient coastal defense map of China. (苏品红)